Drug-Free Campus and Work Place Policy
The University will conduct an annual review of its drug abuse prevention program to determine its effectiveness, implement needed changes, and ensure that disciplinary sanctions are enforced consistently.
I. Overview of Policy Elements
All members of the University community — including faculty, staff, and students — have the right to pursue their individual and collective goals in a healthy work and educational environment, one that is free of the effects of alcohol and substance abuse. Such abuse adversely affects the University's achievement of its mission and is not condoned. Responsibility for problems of substance abuse resides with each member of the University community. The University's principal approach to issues of alcohol and substance abuse entails a wide range of education, prevention, and assistance activities conducted within its academic curricula; educational programs to inform individuals of the effects and consequence of using alcohol or other substances; and comprehensive counseling programs for faculty, staff, and students. The University recognizes that alcohol and substance abuse are illnesses that are not resolved easily by personal effort but may require professional assistance and treatment. Faculty, staff, and students are encourage to take advantage of the preventive, diagnostic, referral, and counseling services available through the University. All members of the University community have a personal responsibility to adhere to all applicable laws, policies, and regulations concerning the use of alcohol or other drugs. These include federal and state laws, city ordinances, the Code of Student Conduct, the faculty standards of conduct, regulations governing conduct of classified employees, and other University policy statements. The Drug-Free Campus and Work Place Policy applies to all members of the University community, including all full-time and part-time students; all full-time and part-time permanent and temporary employees, including faculty, administration, and all exempt and non-exempt staff; and all student employees and interns. It applies to behavior that occurs on the University campus, on property owned or controlled by the University, or at University-sponsored or University-supervised activities. Each vice president has been delegated the responsibility for coordinating University drug abuse education, prevention, and intervention activities serving individuals employed or functioning in his or her division. The University of Alabama continues its commitment to cooperate with the local school systems and area colleges, as well as other local, state, regional, and federal agencies, in addressing problems of substance abuse in its community.
II. Standards of Conduct
A. University Employees
Unlawful manufacture, distribution, dispensation, possession, or use of a controlled substance by any employee of The University of Alabama while he or she is at work for the University or at another site where the employee is carrying out assigned duties, is prohibited. The term "controlled substance" refers to any chemical substance whose distribution and/or use is controlled or prohibited by some law or statute, or whose distribution and/or use is permitted by a prescription issued by a licensed practitioner. In order to ensure that all employees are working in a safe, productive environment, the possession, distribution, or consumption of alcoholic beverages is not permitted on the work site or on other University property during normal working hours, unless such occurs in the course of an authorized business or special University function which includes alcoholic beverages or where consumption was otherwise approved by the University. By extension, no employee may report to work while under the influence of alcohol. Consistent with the Drug-Free Campus and Work Place Policy, and as required by the Drug-Free Work Place Act of 1988, faculty and staff will, as a condition of employment, abide by the Drug-Free Campus and Work Place Policy and notify their supervisor within five days if they are convicted of violating any criminal drug statute as a result of any activity occurring at the University of Alabama work place or while engaged in work activities of the University. The term conviction means a finding of guilt (including a plea of nolo contendere) or the imposition of a sentence, or both, by any judicial body charged with the responsibility to determine violations of federal or state criminal drug statutes. Violation of the Drug-Free Campus and Work Place Policy shall result in the prompt imposition of sanctions. These sanctions may range from a reprimand, to required satisfactory participation in counseling or rehabilitation programs, to termination of employment. Any necessary sanctions taken against faculty, administrators, or staff will be carried out in accordance with policies and procedures published in appropriate University personnel handbooks. Furthermore, this policy does not affect current policies already in place in the health professional schools of the University, which are designed to determine whether health professionals are impaired; however, any finding of impairment because of unlawful use of controlled substances in the work place shall be subject to the disciplinary measures described above as well as to those imposed by the policy of the University's health professional schools.
A student or student organization may be disciplined for, and is deemed in violation of the Code of Student Conduct for the unlawful use, possession, sale, or distribution of any narcotic, drug paraphernalia, medicine, chemical compound, or other controlled substance that is illegal under federal, state, or local laws. The University will take disciplinary action against a student, group of students, or student organization for unauthorized use, possession, sale, or distribution of any controlled substance or illegal drug that occurs on University property or as part of any University activity. A student or student organization may also be disciplined for, and is deemed in violation of the Code of Student Conduct for, the unlawful possession, or consumption on campus of alcoholic beverages, public drunkenness, or violation of state or local laws regarding alcohol use or possession. Any disciplinary actions to be taken and the disciplinary procedures to be applied for the fair adjudication of the alleged violations will be in accordance with the Code of Student Conduct.
III. Authorized Use of Alcohol on Campus
The following rules and regulations governing the use of alcohol on the University of Alabama campus support and are consistent with local and state laws and with those regulations governing the use and consumption of alcoholic beverages. In accordance with the University's desire to maintain a healthy educational environment, these rules are intended to promote minimal use of alcoholic beverages, and use in a responsible manner. Any alcohol used on the University of Alabama campus is to be served in a responsible manner that adheres to a set of guidelines common to all groups on campus, both student and non-student. In addition, as a complement to the authorized use of alcohol on campus, the University maintains alcohol and substance abuse intervention support and referral programs for faculty, staff, and students. The lawful and responsible use of alcoholic beverages by students on the University of Alabama campus will be controlled and enforced by the Student Alcohol and Beverage Control Commission, within the context of the existing Code of Student Conduct. The commission, which reports to the Vice President for Student Affairs, provides an administrative framework for the control and regulation of the use and consumption of alcoholic beverages by students and student groups. The commission is responsible for conveying authority to specific administrative units for issuing permits allowing use of alcoholic beverages. The commission is also responsible for enforcing the regulation that governs such permits. Additionally, following the parameters of the Student Alcohol and Beverage Control Commission, each vice president is authorized to establish an administrative framework for the control and regulation of the use of alcoholic beverages by faculty, staff, and other members of the University community and their guests, when they are functioning within or in relation to the vice president's division. Each vice president is expected to maintain records on the number of permits approved, the administrative units involved, and other information which may be appropriate. The vice president must submit an annual report which summarizes this information.
Designated locations where alcohol may be consumed.
The following locations on the University of Alabama campus have been designated as sites where alcoholic beverages may be appropriately served to adult groups: President's Mansion, Paul Bryant Conference Center, Ferguson Center, Alumni Hall, and Smith Hall. In addition, the Four Points Hotel maintains a license to sell and dispense alcoholic beverages. Under certain circumstances or for certain University- wide events, the University president may designate other sites as appropriate for the use of alcoholic beverages. The public use areas of Bryant Denny Stadium and all other athletic competition facilities are permanently restricted from any service or sale of alcoholic beverages. All other locations on campus may be approved as appropriate locations for specific events at which alcoholic beverages may be served. For each event, specific approval and authorization is required in advance from the appropriate vice president, following procedures established within the division (i.e. Academic Affairs, Financial Affairs, Student Affairs, Advancement).
Alcohol in Residential Facilities
Students over the age of 21 may possess alcohol in their rooms in University residence halls or apartment complexes. Such beverages are restricted to personal use. Individuals violating regulations governing use of alcohol in residential facilities will be subject to disciplinary action, including possible eviction from the residential facility.
Advertising and Sponsorship by alcoholic beverage companies.
The University does not accept alcoholic beverage companies' sponsorship of any University or University-related activities, nor does it accept advertising by distillers or other alcoholic beverage producers wherein
a. Demeaning or discriminatory representations of individuals or groups
b. Any form of alcohol abuse or illegal use is encouraged
c. Emphasis is placed on quantity or frequency of use
d. Drinking is portrayed as a solution to personal or academic problems, or is shown as necessary to social, sexual, or academic success, or
e. The consumption of alcohol is associated with the performance of tasks or the operation of motor vehicles. Sponsorship, or advertising of University activities by such entities as beer distributors or beer companies, is permitted only if responsible drinking programs and related educational activities are the predominant focus of advertising.
IV. Applicable Local, State, and Federal Laws Concerning the Unlawful Possession or Distribution of Illicit Drugs and Alcohol
Most people know that selling illicit drugs is a criminal offense punishable by fines and/or imprisonment, dependent on the specific offense and on other factors such as prior convictions for similar offenses. Most people also know that driving while intoxicated or under the influence of drugs is against the law and can result in driver's license revocation or even imprisonment in some cases. It is less well known that an individual under the age of 21 can be arrested and jailed for purchasing or even attempting to purchase alcohol. The following is a brief overview of local, state, and federal laws governing the possession, use, and distribution of controlled substances and alcohol. It is not intended to be an exhaustive or definitive statement of various laws, but rather is designed to indicate the types of conduct that are against the law and the range of legal sanctions that can be imposed.
Federal Drug Offenses and Penalties Title 21, USC ß 841 et. seq.
ß 841(b)(1)(A) Distribution of 1 kilogram or more of a mixture or substance containing a detectable amount of heroin; 5 kilograms or more containing coca or cocaine; 100 grams or more of PCP; 10 grams or more of LSD; 1,000 kilos of marijuana; or 50 grams or more of amphetamine is a federal crime punishable by not less than 10 years in prison nor more than life in prison; and if death or serious bodily injury results, not less than 20 years and not more than a $4 million fine.
ß 841(b)(1)(B) In the case of distribution of 1000 kilograms or more of marijuana; or 1000 or more plants of marijuana; or 10 kilograms or more of hashish; or one kilogram of hashish oil, one is guilty of a felony and if convicted may be sentenced to not less than 5 years in prison and fined not less than $250,000 and not more than $4 million.
ß 841(b)(1)(D) If one is found with a quantity of marijuana less than 50 kilograms, one is guilty of a felony and sentenced to not more than 20 years and fined not to exceed $1 million.
ß 844 It is unlawful for any person to knowingly or intentionally possess a controlled substance unless such substance was obtained directly, or pursuant to a valid prescription. If convicted of possession, one may be sentenced to not more than 1 year and not less than a $1,000 or more than a $l00,000 fine.
ß 845 Distribution of controlled substances to persons under 21 years of age may be punishable by twice the above sentences, as may distribution within 1,000 feet of a school, college, or university.
ß 848(b) If one is the head of a "drug ring" of 5 or more persons engaged in a criminal enterprise involving the manufacture, acquisition, transportation, distribution, or sale of illegal substances, one may be sentenced to life in prison.
ß 853(a) All of the above include the possibility of forfeiture of property derived from or used in the distribution of illegal drugs, or used in the manufacture of such drugs.
State of Alabama Offenses and Penalties Code of Alabama 1975
ß 13A-12-202(c) Criminal solicitation to commit a controlled substance crime is punishable to the same extent as the controlled substance crime solicited.
ß 13A-12-203(c) Attempt to commit a controlled substance crime is punishable to the same extent as the controlled substance crime itself.
ß 13A-12-204(c) Criminal conspiracy to commit a controlled substance crime is punishable the same as the controlled substance crime itself.
ß 13A-12-211 The unlawful distribution of controlled substances, whether sold, furnished, given away, manufactured, delivered, or distributed, is a Class B felony.
ß 13A-12-212 The unlawful possession or receipt of controlled substances is a Class C felony.
ß 13A-12-213 Unlawful possession of marijuana in the first degree results where one possesses marijuana for other than personal use or has been previously convicted of marijuana possession in the second degree, and is a Class C felony.
ß 13A-12-214 Unlawful possession of marijuana in the second degree results where one possesses marijuana for personal use only, and is punishable as a Class A misdemeanor.
ß 13A-12-215 The sale of controlled substances by one over 18 years of age to one under 18 years of age is a Class A felony with no eligibility of suspended sentence or probation.
ß 13A-12-231 One who knowingly sells, manufactures, delivers, or brings into this state cannabis (in any of its forms), cocaine, heroine, morphine, opium, methaqualone, hydromorphine, amphetamine, phencyclidine, lysergic acid diethylamide, methamphetamine, or LSD shall be guilty of a Class A felony, may be fined up to $500,000, and sentenced for up to life in prison without parole.
ß 13A-12-233 One who engages in a criminal enterprise, in connection with 5 or more persons, to traffic in illegal drugs shall be sentenced to no less than 25 years and no more than life, without eligibility for parole, and fined up to $500,000. For a second such conviction, a mandatory life imprisonment is required with a fine of not less than $150,000 or more than $1 million.
ß 13A-12-250 An additional penalty of 5 years imprisonment is tacked on for the above violation which occurs within a 3 mile radius of a school, college, or university campus (or housing project; see ß 13A-12-270).
ß 13A-12-260 Use, possession, delivery, or sale of drug paraphernalia is a crime punishable as a Class C misdemeanor for possession, a Class C felony for sale, and a Class B felony for sale to one under 18 years of age by one over 18 years of age.
Sentences of Imprisonment in the State of Alabama
ß 13A-5-6 Sentences for felonies shall be for a definite term of imprisonment, which includes hard labor, within the following limitations:
For a Class A felony, for life or not more than 99 years or less than 10 years.
For a Class B felony, not more than 20 years or less than 2 years.
For a Class C felony, not more than 10 years or less than 1 year and a day.
ß 13A-5-7 Sentences for misdemeanors shall be for a definite term of imprisonment in the county jail or of hard labor for the county, within the following limitations:
For a Class A misdemeanor, not more than 1 year.
For a Class B misdemeanor, not more than 6 months.
For a Class C misdemeanor, not more than 3 months.
A Summary of State and Local Alcoholic Beverage Laws
ß 28-1-5 The legal age in Alabama for consumption or purchase of alcoholic beverages is twenty one (21) years.
ß28-3A-25(19) Minors purchasing or attempting to purchase alcoholic beverages are subject to a fine of not less than $200 and not more than $1,000, and, at the discretion of the judge, up to three (3) months at hard labor or imprisonment. A minor's fraudulent misrepresentation of age or use of a fake or false identification in the process of illegally obtaining or purchasing alcoholic beverages will be considered in sentencing.
ß 6-5-71 An individual may be liable for damages under civil law for selling alcohol, giving alcohol, or otherwise causing someone to become intoxicated, who later is injured or causes another to be injured.
Driving Under the Influence (DUI)
ß 32-5A-191(a) A person shall not drive or be in actual physical control of any vehicle while: there is 0.08 percent or more by weight of alcohol in his or her blood, or under the influence of alcohol, or under the influence of any controlled substance or any other substance which impairs his ability to drive safely, or under the combined influence of alcohol and a controlled substance to a degree which renders him or her incapable of safely driving, or under the influence of any substance which impairs the mental or physical faculties of such person to a degree which renders him or her incapable of safely driving.
ß 32-5A-191(b) A person under 21 years of age shall not drive or be in actual control of a vehicle if there is 0.02 percentage or more by weight of alcohol in his or her blood. Many are under the impression that a person may be arrested only for having over 0.08 percent blood alcohol content, but the fact is that one may be arrested for substantially less content. Boating while under the influence is also illegal.
See ß 32-5A-191.3
An individual must submit to a blood alcohol test or his license will be suspended.
See ß 32-5-192
When convicted of DUI, a person may be jailed for not more than 1 year and fined not less than $250 or more than $1,000 for a first conviction. On a second conviction for DUI within a 5 year period, a person may be fined up to $5,100 and jailed for up to 1 year with a mandatory 48 hour sentence. On a third conviction within a 5 year period, a person will serve at least a mandatory 60 day sentence or up to a year, and will be fined at least $2,000 with a $10,000 maximum fine.
City of Tuscaloosa Ordinances
ß 17-6 Public intoxication is a fineable and punishable offense.
ßß 3-12 and 3-13 It is unlawful to possess an open alcoholic beverage in public and/or outside a licensed alcohol store or place of service. This includes athletic events, entertainment events, parking lots, and one's automobile, and may include an individual's front yard or apartment balcony.
ß 3-17 It is unlawful to aid a minor in obtaining alcoholic beverages.
V. Health Risks Associated with Use of Controlled Substances and Abuse of Alcohol
Substance abuse and drug dependency are problems of staggering proportions in our society today. They are the leading causes of preventable illness, disability, and death in the U.S. and are estimated to afflict 25.5 million Americans. This number increases dramatically when one considers the harm done to the families of substance abusers as well as to those injured or killed by intoxicated drivers or in drug related work accidents. Alcoholism may develop in anyone. It tends to appear first between the ages of 20 and 40 and also to be more prevalent in persons with a family history of alcoholism.
Alcoholism is a disorder that has profound psychological, biological, and societal effects. Directly, it affects over 18 million people; indirectly, it affects another 56 million. It is usually characterized by one of three different patterns:
1. Regular daily intoxication;
2. Drinking large amounts of alcohol at specific times;
3. Periods of sobriety interspersed with periods of heavy daily drinking.
The disorder is usually progressive, and physical dependence can develop; if this happens, serious, sometimes life threatening symptoms can develop when alcohol is withdrawn. Short term effects of alcohol use can include depression, gastritis, liver disease, automobile accidents, and domestic violence. Chronic alcohol abuse can produce irreversible health changes, including dementia, sexual impotence, cirrhosis of the liver, and heart disease. Death can occur either as a complication of one of these chronic problems, or acutely, secondary to alcohol intoxication by poisoning or to aspiration of vomitus, or as the result of any automobile accident while driving intoxicated.
Marijuana is the most commonly used illegal drug in the United States. Though physiological consequences do depend on frequency, duration, and quantity of use, marijuana use has been linked to impairment of short term memory, concentration, judgment, perception, and fine motor skills. Thus the use of this drug increases the risk of machinery or motor vehicle accident and injury, for four to six hours after ingestion. Impairment of memory may last for three to six months, even if use of the drug is discontinued completely. The active chemical in marijuana (THC) remains stored in body fat cells long after ingestion. Marijuana use is associated with chronic anxiety, depression, and paranoid feelings. It can exacerbate or increase significantly underlying emotional problems. Frequent and/or ongoing use by children and adolescents may have long term developmental consequences resulting in lack of motivation, apathy, and difficulty managing current stresses and responsibilities, as well as making appropriate plans for the future. Pregnant women who use marijuana may be at a higher risk for giving birth to children with developmental or birth defects.
This category includes drugs such as lysergic, acid diethylamine (LSD, also known as "acid"), mescaline, and peyote. These drugs cause delusions, hallucinations, and impaired perception of time and space. Phencyclidine (PCP or "angel dust") and amphetamine variants known as "ecstasy" are included in this category, though they rarely cause hallucinations in the true sense. They are, however, potent drugs that have mind-altering effects and impair perception and cognition. Hallucinogens can produce a "bad trip" with anxiety, agitation, hallucinations, and paranoia leading to impulsive behavior. After a "bad trip" the person can be subject to "flashbacks," which are recurrences of the experiences of the "bad trip" without taking any more of the drug. Psychosis and impaired thinking may result after long-term use.
The use of cocaine, an illegal stimulant drug, has risen dramatically in the United States. Other names for this drug are code, C., lady, and snow. Cocaine is a white powder that is snorted, injected into veins, or smoked freebase or as "crack." Crack is a crystalline form of cocaine that is also known as "rock," from its small, white rock-like appearance. ("Speed balls" are cocaine mixed with heroin, which is a particularly dangerous combination.) Crack produces the most intense cocaine high; addiction can occur after using it only once or twice. Cocaine highs are characterized by feelings of extreme happiness and a sense of limitless power and energy. However, the physical effects include high blood pressure and heart palpitations. A cocaine "crash" follows the high and includes symptoms of depression, dullness, great irritability, and paranoia. Serious medical complications occur with cocaine use, such as heart attacks (even in young people), seizures, and strokes due to high blood pressure. The psychological effects of cocaine use include violence, paranoia, and personality changes as well as symptoms such as depression, anxiety, and confusion. Pregnant women using cocaine have increased risk of miscarriages and still-births. Newborns addicted to cocaine are irritable, unresponsive, prone to have malformed kidneys and genitals, and to have heart attacks and strokes. Addiction to cocaine controls aspects of the user's life, impinges on the lives of those closest to the user, and occurs in people of all ages, classes, and educational levels.
Amphetamines and Other Stimulants
In addition to cocaine, a number of other drugs stimulate the nervous system and are very addictive. Most of them belong to the amphetamine family of drugs. Dexedrine (present in "diet" pills) may at times be prescribed by a physician, but its use as a legitimate medication is now infrequent. Street drugs of the amphetamine group include "ecstasy" and "ice." Ice is a smokable amphetamine compound that is very potent, and the effects are long-lasting and devastating. The health risks of these and other stimulants are similar to those of cocaine use.
Narcotics, Including Heroin
Various medications are taken to relieve pain. Most non-prescription pain relievers, (such as aspirin, Tylenol, Motrin, and Nuprin) are not considered addictive. However, there is a class of stronger pain relievers, available by prescription only, which are referred to as narcotics and most of which are opiates. Examples of these drugs include morphine, codeine, Tylenol No.3, Darvon, Darvocet, Percocet, Percodan, Demerol, and certain prescription cough medicines. These drugs differ from non prescription pain relievers in their potential for abuse and dependence. With close medical supervision, these drugs may be safely used in specific medical circumstances for a limited time. However, addiction may occur and the person may not want to stop the drug even when the pain has stopped. Tolerance to the drug is shown by an increase in the amount of drug necessary to relieve pain. This becomes progressive and leads to the craving or need for larger and larger doses, without which the person becomes extremely uncomfortable and physically ill. The time may come when the person "needs" such a large dose of the drug that is poisonous or lethal. Under these circumstances, coma, suffocation, and death may ensure. The malignant course of this problem is similar to that of addiction to heroin. Although heroin is not available by prescription, it is a narcotic which belongs to the same chemical family as the above drugs. The use of heroin is mainly by injection into a vein, which carries the additional medical dangers of contracting AIDS and hepatitis from unclean needles and syringes.
Sedatives and Tranquilizers
The barbiturates and the benzodiazepines are two of the most commonly used classes of sedatives. The barbiturates (such Phenobarbital, Seconal, and Amytal) are highly addictive and can be fatal if taken in excess. Although they still have medical uses, they have largely been replaced by the benzodiazepines, used for relief of anxiety and to promote sleep. The benzodiazepines include such drugs as Valium, Librium, Ativan, Xanax, Dalmane, Halcion, and Restoril.While safe and effective at moderate doses for short periods of time (weeks), all the benzodiazepines have a potential for physical and psychological dependence if used at higher doses for longer periods of time. Frequently the benzodiazepines are abused by adults who become dependent on them because of their anti-anxiety effects. Other tranquilizers which may be abused include methaqualone (Quaaludes), Doriden, and Equanil. Intoxication may result from benzodiazepine use and resembles alcoholic drunkenness. Drowsiness, slurred speech, unsteady gait, and lack of coordination are common signs. The effects of the benzodiazepines (and the barbiturates and other sedatives) add to those of alcohol; taken together, they can lead to coma and even death. Withdrawal from benzodiazepines resembles alcohol withdrawal and is most apparent if the drugs are stopped abruptly. Withdrawal takes place within hours to days of stopping the drug. Once a person is addicted to benzodiazepines, a physician should supervise the plan for gradually stopping them, to minimize the serious effects of withdrawal.
Impact of Substance Abuse on Families
Families are often gravely affected by a substance-abusing member. This can occur on many levels. As a very direct, physiological consequence, the infants of alcohol and cocaine-abusing mother often have low birth weight and may suffer from malformations and a variety of developmental problems. In addition, abusers often affect the economic well-being of their families as their inability to hold down a job or, in some instances, their stealing from relatives reduces the family's financial means and stability. In many cases substance abuse leads to violence at home. Substance abuse takes an emotional toll on the functioning of individual members and the family as a whole. Family members may actively deny the problem, may become symptomatic in an effort to deflect attention from the substance-abusing member, or may assume the abuser's responsibilities at home and even at work. On the other hand, very often the family's intervention with the user is an essential step in getting the abusing member to seek treatment. Support groups or family members, such as Al-Anon or COC-Anon, as well as family therapy can provide needed assistance to families as they confront the destructive effects of the user's addiction.
Recognizing Signs and Symptoms of Alcohol and Substance Abuse
Everyone occasionally has days when they exhibit behavior not normally associated with an educational or work environment nor characteristic of himself or herself. Unusual behavior during times of stress can be understood and accepted. However, when unusual behavior is displayed on a gradually increasing scale accompanied by general decline in work habits over a period of time, it indicates that an individual needs professional help. Below are some of the more common signs or symptoms of unusual behavior.
Absenteeism and Tardiness
- Arriving late and leaving early
- Absences before and after payday or holidays
- Sporadic but significant use of sick time
- Taking frequent breaks
- Unexplained absences
- Friday and Monday absences
- Absences due to accidents both on and off the work site
Impaired Job Performance
- Increasing operating errors
- Lost time on the job
- "Putting things off"
- Irresponsibility in completing tasks
- Faulty decision making
- Increased accident rates
- Wasted materials or damaged equipment
- High performance that slowly declines over time
- Job performance that becomes focused on a specialized, repetitious activity (rather than the entire array of job duties).
- Irregular or non-existent office hours
- Sudden, extreme gaps in performance (missing a grant deadline, unexpected missing of final exams)
Unusual Interpersonal Interactions
- Sudden emotional outburst including anger, tears, laughter
- Mood swings, especially early or late in the work day
- Overreactions to criticism
- Blaming others for poor performance
- Making inappropriate statements
- Rambling or incoherent speech
- Isolation from co-workers or increasing social withdrawal
- Disinterest in teamwork
Declining Physical Appearance (Sudden or Gradual)
- Poor personal hygiene (e.g., body odor or dirty hair, nails, and skin)
- Less interest in dress and appearance (or a noticeable decline from previous meticulousness)
- Glazed or red eyes
- Slurred speech
- Poor coordination, staggering
- Tremors, poor eye-hand coordination
- Frequent gastrointestinal distress
- Deterioration of oral hygiene
- Legal problems, such as arrest for driving under the influence (DUI)
- Domestic situation, including children's drug use (children of alcoholics sometimes have drug abuse problems)
- Financial concerns, such as high debt load, bad loans, wages garnished, unusual spending patterns
VI. Drug or Alcohol Counseling, Treatment, and Rehabilitation Programs Available to Students and Employees
The following substance abuse counseling services are available at the University's Russell Student Health Center:
- Individual counseling for alcohol/drug problems or addictions.
- Individual counseling for students who come from alcoholic homes (adult children of alcoholics).
- Information services for friends and family members affected by a student's alcohol or drug problems, and referrals to community-based Al-Anon, AA, and NA support groups.
- Follow-up counseling services for students returning to school after participating in a drug or alcohol treatment program.
- Referrals to appropriate agencies and support groups when needed or circumstances warrant.
B. University Employees
The Employee Assistance Program (EAP) offers free assessment, short-term counseling, and referral services for faculty, staff, retirees, and their dependents. In addition, the program is intended to provide crisis intervention, as well as training or consultation services for administrators and supervisors, who need to know how to identify or make referrals for individuals whose personal problems are affecting work performance and unit morale.
Facilities for referral in the Tuscaloosa area are:
- DCH Regional Medical Center, which can provide detoxification services
- Indian Rivers Mental Health Center and the Recovery Center, which offers comprehensive alcohol and drug rehabilitation on an outpatient basis
- A number of other public and private treatment and rehabilitation services in the region that maintain relationships with appropriate offices or facilities of the University
VII.University Disciplinary Sanctions for Controlled Substance Users and Alcohol Abusers
Various disciplinary procedures are applicable to faculty, staff, and students. Violations of the standard of conduct will be dealt with on a case-by-case basis, with the imposition of discipline appropriate to the severity of the violation. For each group in the University community, there are certain common sanctions that can be applied in an appropriate case. These common sanctions include letters of reprimand, probation, and severance of ties with the University through expulsion or termination. Normally, opportunity for referral to an appropriate rehabilitation program occurs, if the violation is a first offense. Referral for prosecution undoubtedly will occur only for the most serious violations. Students who violate any provision of the University's Drug-Free Campus and Work Place Policy will be held accountable for their behavior and will be subject to appropriate disciplinary action, consistent with local, state, and federal law, and the provisions of the Code of Student Conduct found in the Student Handbook. Such action may include mandatory counseling, a reprimand and warning, loss of privileges, disciplinary probation, community service, restitution, attendance at alcohol and substance abuse classes, suspension, expulsion, and/or referral to the proper law enforcement authorities for prosecution. Employees who violate this policy will be held accountable for their behavior and will be subject to appropriate disciplinary action, consistent with the Mediation and Grievance System and with local, state and federal law. Such action may include mandatory counseling, mandatory participation in an appropriate rehabilitation program, a warning, a reprimand, strict probation, unpaid suspension from employment, termination of employment, and/or referral to the proper law enforcement authorities for prosecution. All disciplinary procedures and appeals currently applicable to students and all categories of employees will continue to be available for violations of this policy.
In order to determine the effectiveness of the Drug-Free Campus and Work Place, certain parameters will be evaluated and reviewed annually, including
a. the number of disciplinary actions issued
b. the number of students involved in classes and counseling sessions
c. the number of drug and alcohol arrests by the University Police
d. the number of recorded violations of housing regulations
e. the amount of vandalism in the residence halls
f. the number of incidents of violence (rapes, assaults, etc.)
g. the outcomes of treatment, assessed at pre-scribed follow-up intervals