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GEOGRAPHY (GY)

Professor Gerald R. Webster, Chairperson
Office: 202 Farrah Hall

GY 101 Principles of Physical Geography I: Atmospheric Processes and Patterns. Four hours.

Three hours lecture and one two-hour laboratory period. Earth-space relations, latitude and longitude, seasons, time, weather, climate, and vegetation. Particular attention is given to the causes of weather and climate and why they tend to be different from place to place.

GY 102 Principles of Physical Geography II: Landscape Processes and Patterns. Four hours.

Three hours lecture and one two-hour laboratory period. Study of earth-surface processes, with consideration of human interaction with the physical environment. Subjects include landforms, water resources, soils, and mapping the physical environment.

GY 105 World Regional Geography. Three hours.

Introduction to geography through a survey of the world's major geographic regions. Examines their physical and cultural features, economies, and populations.

GY 110 Principles of Human Geography. Three hours.

Introduction to geography as a science for learning the fundamentals of human behavior and decision making. Examines how human events, natural resources, economies, development, and urbanization impact the way humankind lives, organizes its space, and makes decisions for the future.

GY 170 Special Topics in Geography. Three hours.

GY 200 Principles of Planning. Three hours.

Survey of the basic elements of regional and urban planning. Provides a comprehensive overview of the planning profession.

GY 204 Map and Air Photo Interpretation. Four hours.

Three hours lecture and one two-hour laboratory period. Fundamentals of map reading and interpretation.

GY 270 Special Topics in Geography. Three hours.

GY 318 Geography of National Parks. Three hours.

Prerequisite: 8 hours of geography, biological sciences, or geology.

Survey of the geographic character, purpose, and management of a selection of parks administered by the U.S. National Park Service.

GY 320 Freshwater Studies (same as BSC 320 and GEO 320). Four hours.

Prerequisites: BSC 114:115, GEO 101, or GY 102.

Lecture, field, and laboratory opportunities for students interested in integrated studies in hydrology, biogeochemistry, ecology, and social policy related to freshwaters.

GY 330 Computer Mapping and Graphics. Four hours.

Prerequisite: GY 204 or permission of the instructor.

Three hours lecture and one two-hour laboratory period. Introduction to computer graphics and their application in both the natural and social sciences, with special emphasis on mapping.

GY 335 Computer Mapping Applications in Business. Four hours.

Prerequisite: GY 204 or permission of the instructor.

Three hours lecture and one two-hour laboratory period. A survey of computer mapping techniques and applications in the business environment.

GY 339 Natural Resources and Environmental Planning. Three hours.

Prerequisites: 8 hours of natural science and 6 hours of social science.

Analyzes human interactions with the physical environment and ways of dealing with them. Integrates environmental science, social science, and planning, and includes environmental impact assessment.

GY 341 Geography of the United States and Canada. Three hours.

Prerequisite: GY 105 or GY 110.

Study of the physical and human geography of the United States and Canada.

GY 343 Geography of Central and Caribbean America. Three hours.

Prerequisite: GY 105 or GY 110.

Study of the physical and human geography of Central America and the Caribbean islands.

GY 344 Geography of Africa. Three hours.

Prerequisite: GY 105 or GY 110.

Study of the physical and human geography of Africa.

GY 345 Geography of Latin America. Three hours.

Prerequisite: GY 105 or GY 110.

Study of the physical and human geography of Central America, Caribbean America, and South America, with emphasis on the latter.

GY 346 Geography of Europe. Three hours.

Prerequisite: GY 105 or GY 110.

Study of the physical and human geography of Europe.

GY 347 Geography of Asia. Three hours.

Prerequisite: GY 105 or GY 110.

Study of the physical and human geography of Asia with emphasis on China and Japan.

GY 348 Geography of the Middle East. Three hours.

Prerequisite: GY 105 or GY 110.

Study of the physical and human geography of North Africa and southwest Asia, from Morocco to Afghanistan.

GY 349 Geography of the Russian Region. Three hours.

Prerequisite: GY 105 or GY 110.

Study of the physical and human geography of the former Soviet Union, with emphasis on present-day Russia and the changing Eastern European landscape.

GY 350 Geography of the South. Three hours.

Prerequisite: GY 105 or GY 341.

Study of the physical and human geography of the southeastern United States.

GY 351 Geography of Alabama. Three hours.

Prerequisite: GY 105 or GY 110.

Study of the varied geographical dimensions of the state of Alabama, both past and present.

GY 358 Urban Geography. Three hours.

Prerequisite: GY 110.

Examines the growth of cities, their spatial distributions, internal dynamics, functional bases, and social and political patterns.

GY 363 Geomorphology (same as GEO 363). Three hours.

Prerequisite: GY 102 or GEO 101.

Study of landforms with emphasis on the basic geomorphic processes that contribute to their origin.

GY 365 Industrial Development and Location. Three hours.

Prerequisite: GY 110 or permission of the instructor.

Systematic study of the principles and processes underlying the development, location, and spatial organization of economic activities from both a national and international perspective.

GY 367 Tourism and Geography. Three hours.

Prerequisite: GY 105 or GY 110.

Provides a geographical approach to the study of tourism. Examines tourist motivations and types of destinations, barriers to tourist travel, social effects, impacts on the natural environment, economic impacts and tourism as a development tool, and place promotion of tourist destinations.

GY 370 Special Topics in Geography. Three hours.

GY 377 Cultural Geography. Three hours.

Prerequisite: GY 105 or GY 110.

Study of the way in which culture influences elements of both physical and human landscapes with emphasis on how cultures are spread over space and how cultures make sense of space.

GY 400 Research Traditions and Methods in Geography. Three hours.

Prerequisite: Enrollment limited to geography majors accepted into the department's honors program.

An investigation of the historical development of geography, including its changing philosophies and prominent contributors. Students are introduced to various approaches for conducting research in geography and must develop a written research proposal in an area of their interest.

GY 402 Climatology. Three hours.

Prerequisite: GY 101 or permission of the instructor.

Review of atmospheric processes as they relate to global and regional climate patterns in the boundary layers of the earth's environment.

GY 405 Directed Research in Physical Geography. One to three hours.

Prerequisites: Senior standing and permission of the department.

Hands-on, problem solving in the field of physical geography.

GY 406 Directed Research in Human Geography. One to three hours.

Prerequisites: Senior standing and permission of the department.

Hands-on, problem solving in the field of human geography.

GY 408 Applied Climatology. Three hours.

Prerequisite: GY 101 or permission of the instructor.

An examination of the interaction of climate and basic climatic elements with their environmental processes and particularly human activities.

GY 410 Water Resources. Three hours.

Prerequisites: GY 101 and GY 102, or permission of the instructor.

Examination of the physical and resource characteristics of water, including its natural occurrence, uses, management, economics, and policy.

GY 417 Natural Hazards. Three hours.

Prerequisites: GY 101 and GY 102, or permission of the instructor.

Examination of the causes, consequences, and spatial distribution of climatic, geomorphic, and human-induced natural hazards.

GY 420 Remote Sensing I. Four hours.

Prerequisite: GY 204 or permission of the instructor.

Three hours lecture and one two-hour laboratory period. Introduction to the basic principles of electromagnetic radiation, interaction between energy and earth features, remote sensing instruments, and information extraction from remotely sensed data.

GY 424 Cartography Practicum. Three to nine hours.

Prerequisites: Junior standing and permission of the department.

Individual work experience in cartography, supervised by faculty and staff of The University of Alabama. A maximum of three hours of internship or practicum credit can be applied to the geography major. Credit for GY 424 cannot be applied to the geography minor.

GY 425 Cartography Internship. Three to nine hours.

Prerequisites: Junior standing and permission of the department.

Individual work experience on a cartographic project, supervised by the staff of an off-campus agency. A maximum of three hours of internship or practicum credit can be applied to the geography major. Credit for GY 425 cannot be applied to the geography minor.

GY 430 Geographic Information Systems (GIS). Four hours.

Prerequisite: GY 204 or permission of the instructor.

Three hours lecture and one two-hour laboratory period. Analysis of the topological relationships of multivariate geographical data using concepts and techniques of geographic information systems.

GY 432 Special Research in Geography. One to four hours each semester.

Prerequisite: Permission of the department.

GY 433 Geographic Information Systems (GIS) Practicum. Three to nine hours.

Prerequisites: Junior standing and permission of the department.

Individual work experience in GIS, supervised by the faculty and staff of The University of Alabama. A maximum of three hours of internship or practicum credit can be applied to the geography major. Credit for GY 433 cannot be applied to the geography minor.

GY 434 Geographic Information Systems (GIS) Internship. Three to nine hours.

Prerequisites: Junior standing and permission of the department.

Individual work experience in GIS, supervised by the staff of an off-campus agency. A maximum of three hours of internship or practicum credit can be applied to the geography major. Credit for GY 434 cannot be applied to the geography minor.

GY 435 Remote Sensing II. Four hours.

Prerequisite: GY 420.

Three hours lecture and one two-hour laboratory period. Analysis and extraction of thematic information from nonphotographic remotely sensed data for geographic information systems. Topics include image processing, image enhancement, and image classification.

GY 436 Advanced Geographic Information Systems (GIS). Four hours.

Prerequisite: GY 430.

Three hours lecture and one two-hour laboratory period. Evaluation of case studies, spatial model development, and data base design for geographic information systems.

GY 438 Application Issues in Geographic Information Systems (GIS). Four hours.

Prerequisite: GY 420 or GY 430.

Three hours lecture and one two-hour laboratory period. In-depth study of various topics in the application and technical issues of geographic information systems.

GY 440 Community Facilities Planning. Three hours.

Prerequisites: GY 110; and GY 200 or permission of the instructor.

Principles, processes, and analysis of public facility location planning, with emphasis on the spatial search process, impact analysis, and public facility location models.

GY 441 Land Use Regulations. Three hours.

Prerequisite: GY 200 or permission of the instructor.

Theory and use of zoning, eminent domain, taxing and police powers, enabling acts, charters, official maps, codes, nuisance ordinances, and environmental impact statements in community planning.

GY 444 Field Studies in Africa. Three hours.

Prerequisite: GY 105 or permission of the instructor.

Three-week intensive field study in Ghana. Explores geographical perspectives on Africa's level of development and the responses of the African peoples to their circumstances.

GY 447 Environmental Modeling and Mapping. Four hours.

Prerequisite: GY 420 or GY 430.

Three hours lecture and one two-hour laboratory period. Principles and applications of environmental modeling using geographic information technologies.

GY 450 Political Geography. Three hours.

Prerequisites: GY 110 and 9 hours of additional social science.

Examines the spatial organization of political space, its impact on political processes, and the patterns of behavior and issue differentiation resulting from humankind's organization of space for political reasons.

GY 451 Political Geography of the United States. Three hours.

Prerequisites: GY 110 and 9 hours of additional social science.

The political geography of the United States with emphasis on the South.

GY 452 Environmental Decision Making. Three hours.

Prerequisites: GY 101, GY 102, and 6 hours of social science; or permission of the instructor.

Review of current environmental topics followed by discussion of techniques to facilitate environmental decision making and management.

GY 453 Environment and Society. Three hours.

Prerequisites: GY 110 and 9 hours of additional social science.

Exploration of the linkages between the biophysical environment and numerous social systems. Public policy implications are viewed from a social science perspective.

GY 455 Planning Practicum. Three to nine hours.

Prerequisites: Junior standing and permission of the department.

Individual work experience in planning, supervised by faculty and staff of The University of Alabama. A maximum of three hours of internship or practicum credit can be applied to the geography major. Credit for GY 455 cannot be applied to the geography minor.

GY 456 Planning Internship. Three to nine hours.

Prerequisites: Junior standing and permission of the department.

Individual work experience in planning, supervised by the staff of an off-campus agency. A maximum of three hours of internship or practicum credit can be applied to the geography major. Credit for GY 456 cannot be applied to the geography minor.

GY 458 Urban Planning and Analysis. Three hours.

Prerequisites: GY 110; GY 358 or permission of the instructor.

A study of contemporary urban landscapes, political and economic power structures, and resultant conflicts. Includes an in-depth analysis of the role of externalities, the urban planner, urban policymaking, and analytical methods in the planning and administration of urban landscapes.

GY 460 Environmental Management. Three hours.

Prerequisites: GY 101 or GY 102, and GY 200.

Examines the evolution of environmental policy and law, environmental analysis, and techniques in formulating and implementing environmental policy with emphasis on writing and speaking.

GY 465 Regional Planning and Analysis. Three hours.

Prerequisites: GY 110; GY 200 or permission of the instructor.

Principles and processes of regional planning and the analytical methods appropriate for solving regional planning problems. Case studies and the role of the planner in the regional planning process are discussed.

GY 466 Regional and Urban Transportation Systems. Three hours.

Prerequisites: GY 110 and 9 additional hours of social science, or permission of the instructor.

Examines the location and function of the multimodal North American transportation system, the urban transportation planning process and methodologies. Assesses the political and environmental contexts of transport systems, including impacts of continued reliance on the automobile.

GY 467 Topics in Global Environmental Change. Three hours.

Prerequisites: Senior standing and 12 hours of natural science.

Review and discussion of changes in the physical environment, both natural and human-made. Emphasis is on deforestation, changing land use, and recent climate changes.

GY 470 Special Topics in Geography. Three hours.

GY 471 Special Topics in Planning. Three hours.

Prerequisite: GY 200.

GY 472 Soil Science. Four hours.

Prerequisite: Eight hours of natural science.

Three hours lecture and required field and lab work. Introduction to the study of soil science, including the development, physics, chemistry, biology, and classification of soils.

GY 473 Settlement History of the South. Three hours.

Prerequisite: GY 110.

Topics and themes in the historical geography of the U.S. South.

GY 482 Environmental Science Practicum. Three to nine hours.

Prerequisites: Junior standing and permission of the department.

Individual work experience in environmental science, supervised by the faculty and staff of The University of Alabama. A maximum of three hours of internship or practicum credit can be applied to the geography major. Credit for GY 482 cannot be applied to the geography minor.

GY 483 Environmental Science Internship. Three to nine hours.

Prerequisites: Junior standing and permission of the department.

Individual work experience in environmental science, supervised by the staff of an off-campus agency. A maximum of three hours of internship or practicum credit can be applied to the geography major. Credit for GY 483 cannot be applied to the geography minor.

GY 484 Environmental Science for Teachers. Three hours.

A review of issues and themes in environmental science pertinent to environmental education at the K-12 level.

GY 485 Geography for Teachers. Three hours.

A review of current issues and themes in geography pertinent to geographic education at the K-12 level.

GY 486 Drainage Basin Dynamics. Three hours.

Prerequisite: GY 102 or permission of the instructor.

An examination of the physical operation of drainage basins (watersheds) focusing on surface water hydrology, erosion, and sedimentation.

GY 488 Planning and Government. Three hours.

Prerequisite: GY 200.

Examines the planning process within the context of local government.

GY 489 Forest Ecology and Vegetation Analysis. Four hours.

Prerequisites: GY 101, GY 102, and BSC 116:117.

Three hours lecture and required field work. Study of the nature of forest communities and the interrelationship of organisms that compose them.

GY 490 Geography Internship. Three to nine hours.

Prerequisites: 18 hours of geography and permission of the department.

Work experience in an agency involved in geographical analysis. A maximum of three hours of internship or practicum credit can be applied to the geography major. Credit for GY 490 cannot be applied to the geography minor.

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