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GEOLOGical Sciences (GEO)

Office: 202 Bevill Building

GEO 101 The Dynamic Earth. 4 hours.

'Three lectures and one laboratory. Study of the earth including materials, internal and external processes, deformational events, and plate tectonics. Offered in the fall, spring, and summer semesters.

GEO 102 The Earth Through Time. 4 hours.

Three lectures and one laboratory. Survey of earth’s history including origin of the earth, plate tectonics and evolution of the continents and ocean basins, and the development of life. Offered in the fall, spring, and summer semesters.

GEO 105 Sustainable Earth. 4 hours

Three lectures and one laboratory. Lecture and laboratory provide an understanding of important earth resources (rocks and minerals, soil, water, fossil fuels, alternative energy) and how their utilization by humans impacts the environment. Includes discussion of water pollution, air pollution and waste disposal as primary issues related to resource utilization.

GEO 210 Mineralogy. 4 hours.
Prerequisites: GEO 101 and CH 101.

Two lectures and two laboratories. Introduction to crystallography, crystal chemistry, rock-forming minerals, physical properties of minerals, hand sample mineral identification, and optical mineralogy. Offered in the fall semester.

GEO 304 Marine Geology (same as MS 304). 4 hours.
Prerequisite: GEO 101.

GEO 306 Hydrogeology. 3 hours.
Prerequisite: GEO 101 or permission of the instructor.

Introduction to the principles of groundwater flow, groundwater exploration, water quality, and groundwater contamination; environmental topics in groundwater. Offered in the fall semester.

GEO 314 Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology. 4 hours.
Prerequisite: GEO 210.

Three lectures and one laboratory. Megascopic and microscopic study of igneous and metamorphic rocks, with emphasis on identification, classification, genesis, and relationships to tectonism. Offered in the spring semester.

GEO 320 Freshwater Studies (same as BSC 320 and GY 320). 4 hours.
Prerequisites: BSC 114:115 (or BSC 118) and either BSC 116:117, BSC 120, GEO 101, or GY 101.

Lecture and laboratory. Introduction to freshwater natural history and ecology with specific emphasis on the common freshwater habitats of Alabama.

GEO 340 Earthquakes, Eruptions, and Civilizations. 3 hours.
Prerequisites: any 100-level geology class.

This course will investigate the development of human perceptions of tectonic events and their impact on civilization. Offered according to demand.

GEO 355 Invertebrate Paleontology. 3 hours.
Prerequisite: GEO 101 or GEO 102.

Two lectures and one laboratory. Study of the taxonomy and morphology of major invertebrate fossil groups. Offered in the spring semester.

GEO 363 Geomorphology (same as GY 363). 3 hours.
Prerequisite: GEO 101.

Two lectures and one laboratory. Study of landforms with emphasis on the basic geomorphic processes that contribute to their origin. Offered in the fall semester.

GEO 365 Structural Geology. 3 hours.
Prerequisites: GEO 101 and PH 101, or permission of the instructor; a working knowledge of trigonometry is assumed.

Two lectures and one laboratory. An introductory study of the deformation of rocks, including mechanical principles, description and identification of folds and faults, map interpretation, and regional tectonics. Offered in the fall semester.

GEO 367 Sedimentology and Stratigraphy. 4 hours.
Prerequisites: GEO 101, GEO 102, and GEO 210.

Three lectures and one laboratory. Study of the principles involved in the description and classification of sedimentary rocks and stratigraphic units, with emphasis on sedimentary processes and depositional environments. Offered in the spring semester.

GEO 369 Introduction to Geophysics. 3 hours.
Prerequisites: GEO 101, PH 102, and MATH 125 (or MATH 145) or equivalent.

Introduction to the major fields of exploration geophysics such as seismology, isostasy, heat flow, gravity and magnetic prospecting, and electrical methods. The course includes both principles and applications to petroleum, mining, and environmental problems. Offered in the fall semester.

GEO 399 Undergraduate Research in Geology. 1 to 3 hours.
A maximum of 3 hours can be applied toward the major in geology. Approval of the department chairperson is required prior to registration. Offered according to demand.

GEO 400 Recent Marine Sedimentation. 4 hours.
Prerequisites: GEO 101 and GEO 102.

Survey of recent marine processes and depositional environments with emphasis on clastic environments of the Gulf Coast. Offered according to demand during the summer session only.

GEO 401 Paleoclimatology. 3 hours.
Prerequisite: GEO 101 or GEO 102.

Survey of the history of global climate change and the methods used to measure paleoclimate in the geological record. Offered in the fall semester.

GEO 404 Quaternary Climates and Environments. 3 hours.
Prerequisite: GEO 102 or permission of the instructor.

Outline of the climatological and environmental history of the past two million years, focusing on causes and impact of glacial and shorter oscillations. Offered according to demand.

GEO 409 Hydrogeology Field Methods. 2 hours.
Prerequisite: GEO 306.

Introduction to the commonly used field and laboratory methods in hydrogeologic studies, including aquifer test design and analysis, water quality sampling, site characterization and remedial investigation. Offered according to demand.

GEO 410 Soil and Groundwater Restoration. 3 hours.
Prerequisites: GEO 101 and CH 102.

Methods for restoring contaminated soil and groundwater by examining the factors and processes that influence the efficacy of remediation systems. Emphasis placed on the scientific principles that form the basis for remediation. Offered according to demand.

GEO 414 Advanced Igneous Petrology. 3 hours.
Prerequisite: GEO 314.

Study of igneous processes with emphasis on phase relations, geochemical evolution, and physiochemical conditions. Offered in the fall semester.

GEO 416 Volcanology. 3 hours.
Prerequisite: GEO 101.

Study of the physical properties of magmas, eruptive mechanisms, volcanic products, and the relationship between volcanism and tectonism. Offered in the fall semester.

GEO 420 Petroleum Geology. 3 hours.
Prerequisite: GEO 365, GEO 367, or permission of the instructor.

Introduction to the origin, migration, accumulation, and entrapment of petroleum. Emphasis is on sedimentary, geochemical, and hydrodynamic processes. Offered in the spring semester of even-numbered years.

GEO 424 Topics in Geology. 1 to 4 hours.
Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor.

Special topics in the following areas: economic geology, geochemistry, geophysics, geomorphology, hydrogeology, mineralogy, paleontology, petrology, sedimentology, stratigraphy, structural geology, and tectonics. Offered according to demand.

GEO 430 Ore Deposits. 3 hours.
Prerequisite: GEO 210 and permission of the instructor.

Introduction to sedimentary, hydrothermal, metasomatic, and magnetic ore deposits, including geologic setting and genesis. Offered according to demand.

GEO 435 Honors Seminar I. 1 hour.

Oral presentations on current geological topics. Offered in the fall semester.

GEO 436 Honors Seminar II. 1 hour.

Oral presentations on current geological topics. Offered in the spring semester.

GEO 445 Multichannel Seismic Processing. 4 hours.
Prerequisites: MATH 125 (or MATH 145) and PH 102.

Introduction to multichannel seismic data acquisition, processing, and interpretation. Includes the theory of wave propagation, time series analysis, and filtering. Lab is problem-based using real-world data and examples. Offered according to demand.

GEO 446 Scientific Computing. 3 hours.
Prerequisite: Two GEO 200 or 300 level courses.

This course covers a broad range of computational methods used in the geosciences. Topics include data analysis, manipulation and image processing, using a variety of software packages. Offered according to demand.

GEO 453 Introduction to Micropaleontology. 3 hours.
Prerequisite: GEO 355.

Introduction to the morphology, classification, and distribution of important microfossil groups. Offered according to demand.

GEO 457 Geologic History of the Vertebrates and Land Plants. 3 hours.
Prerequisite: GEO 102.

Geologic history of vertebrates, invertebrates, and plants as they invaded and evolved on the land. Offered according to demand.

GEO 460 Watershed Hydrology. 3 hours.
Prerequisite: GEO 363 or permission of the instructor.

Analysis of hydrological processes in watersheds. Emphasis on applying hydrology concepts to evaluate runoff, erosion, fluvial processes, channel stability, ecological impact, and flood prediction in natural and altered watersheds. Offered according to demand.

GEO 470 General Geochemistry. 3 hours.
Prerequisite: GEO 314 or permission of the instructor.

Overview of the field of geochemistry (elementary chemical equilibria and thermodynamics, organic geochemistry, isotope geochemistry), with an emphasis on solving geologic problems. Offered in the fall semester.

GEO 476 Analytical Geochemistry. 3 hours.
Prerequisite: Senior standing or permission of the instructor.

Theory, techniques, and applications of geochemical methods for the analysis of rocks, soils, and aqueous fluids. Offered according to demand.

GEO 490 Seminar in Regional Geology. 1 to 3 hours.
Prerequisite: permission of the instructor.

Seminar on and field trip to important geologic localities. May be repeated for credit. Offered according to demand.

GEO 492 Geologic Field and Writing Techniques. 2 hours.
Corequisite: GEO 367 or permission of the instructor.

Introduction to the methods of field geology, geology of the southeastern U.S., geological writing, and presentation techniques. Offered according to demand.

GEO 495 Field Geology. 6 hours.
Prerequisites: GEO 314, GEO 365, and GEO 367.

Five-week field course involving the application of geologic techniques and principles. Includes geologic mapping, data collection, and report writing. Offered during the first summer term.

GEO 497 Geological Internships. 3 hours
Prerequisites: GEO 101 and GEO 102 or GEO 105. Minimum grade of “C-” or higher required in prerequisites.

Field and laboratory projects with government and industry. Offered according to demand.

GEO 499 Honors Research in Geology. 1 to 3 hours. Offered according to demand.


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