## PHYSICS (PH)

Office: 206 Gallalee Hall

**PH 101 General Physics I. **4 hours.

Prerequisite: MATH 113 or MATH 115 or equivalent.

Lecture and laboratory. An introductory course including classical mechanics and thermodynamics. Degree credit can only be awarded for one of the following: PH 101, PH 105, or PH 125.

**PH 102 General Physics II.** 4 hours.

Prerequisite: PH 101.

Lecture and laboratory. An introductory course including electricity and magnetism, optics, and modern physics. Degree credit can only be awarded for one of the following: PH 102, PH 106, or PH 126.

**PH 105 General Physics with Calculus I.** 4 hours.

Prerequisite: MATH 125.

Lecture and laboratory. Introductory calculus-based course in classical mechanics. Degree credit can only be awarded for one of the following: PH 101, PH 105, or PH 125.

**PH 106 General Physics with Calculus II.** 4 hours.

Prerequisites: MATH 126 and PH 105 or PH 125 (or PH 101).

Lecture and laboratory. Introductory calculus-based course in classical physics, including electricity, magnetism, and optics. Degree credit can only be awarded for one of the following: PH 102, PH 106, or PH 126.* *

**PH 115 Descriptive Physics for Non-Science Majors. **4 hours.

Credit earned in this course may not be counted toward fulfillment of the requirements for the major or minor in physics. Credit will not be granted for both PH 101 and PH 115. Three lecture hours and one laboratory period. Demonstration lectures on the chief topics of classical and modern physics. Designed for non-science majors who want an introductory course with no math prerequisites.

**PH 125 Honors General Physics with Calculus I.** 4 hours.

Prerequisites: Membership in the University Honors Program or permission of the department; and MATH 125. Lecture, discussion, and laboratory. Introductory calculus-based course in classical mechanics. Degree credit can only be awarded for one of the following: PH 101, PH 105, or PH 125.

**PH 126 Honors General Physics with Calculus II.** 4 hours.

Prerequisites: Membership in the University Honors Program or permission of the department; MATH 126; and PH 125 or PH 105.

Lecture, discussion, and laboratory. Introductory calculus-based course in classical physics, including electricity, magnetism, and optics. Degree credit can only be awarded for one of the following: PH 102, PH 106, or PH 126.* *

*Courses numbered 253–354 have as prerequisites PH 101, PH 105, or PH 125 AND PH 102, PH 106, or PH 126.*

**PH 253 Introduction to Modern Physics. **3 hours.

Prerequisites: MATH 126 and PH 102 or PH 106 or PH 126.

Study of topics in modern physics, including special relativity, quantum physics, atomic and nuclear structure, and solid state physics.

**PH 255 Modern Physics Laboratory. **1 hour.

Prerequisite or corequisite: PH 253.

Experimental work in the topics that form the subject matter of PH 253.

Prerequisite or corequisite: MATH 238.

Vector analysis and treatment of Newtonian mechanics at the intermediate level.

**PH 302 Intermediate Mechanics. **3 hours.

Prerequisite or corequisite: MATH 238.

Treatment of Newtonian mechanics at the intermediate level, including central forces, lagrangians, normal modes, and waves. Designed for students planning graduate study in physics or astronomy.

**PH 331 Electricity and Magnetism I. **3 hours.

Prerequisite or corequisite: MATH 238.

Electrostatics, Ampere’s and Faraday’s laws, vector potential, displacement current, and Maxwell’s equations.

**PH 332 Electricity and Magnetism II. **3 hours.

Prerequisite: PH 331.

Continuation of electricity and magnetism, beginning with Maxwell’s equations.

**PH 333 Optics. **4 hours.

Prerequisite: MATH 126.

Three lecture hours and one laboratory period. Geometric optics, including matrix method, thin and thick lenses and mirrors, aberrations, stops, and optical instruments. Physical optics, including interference, diffraction, coherence, transfer functions, optical filtering, holography, and lasers.

**PH 334 Analog Electronics.** 4 hours.

Prerequisites: PH 102 or PH 106 or PH 126, and MATH 125.

Three lecture hours and one laboratory period. Theory and practical applications of electronic devices and circuits. Specific topics include DC and AC circuits, semiconductor diode circuits, bipolar and field effect transistor circuits, simple amplifiers and oscillators, and an introduction to operational amplifiers.

**PH 354 Intermediate Modern Physics. **3 hours.

Prerequisite: PH 253

Continuation of PH 253. Applications of quantum mechanics, including lasers, semiconductors, particle physics, nanoscience, and other current topics.

*Courses numbered 400–499 have as prerequisites 14 hours of physics, or 11 hours of physics and senior standing.*

**PH 405 Physics for Science Teachers.** 3 hours.

Selected topics in contemporary physics for high-school and post-secondary science teachers.

**PH 411 Biophysics.** 3 hours.

Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor.

Physics of biological systems: proteins, lipids, nucleic acids, supramolecular structures, and molecular motors; structure, function, energetics, thermodynamics, bionanotechnology. Emphasis on systems that are best understood in physical and molecular detail.

**PH 434 Digital Electronics and Computer Interfacing.** 3 hours.

Prerequisite: PH 334 or permission of the instructor.

Two laboratory periods. Theory and practical application of digital integrated circuits, including gates, flip-flops, counters, latches, and displays. Computer data acquisition and control using LabView and A/D and D/A fundamentals.

**PH 441 Quantum Structure of Matter I.** 3 hours.

Prerequisites: PH 253, PH 331, and PH 301 or PH 302; or permission of instructor.

No graduate credit will be awarded for PH 441. Introduction to quantum mechanics, including solutions to the Schrodinger equation.

**PH 442 Quantum Structure of Matter II.** 3 hours.

Prerequisite: PH 441.

No graduate credit will be awarded for PH 442. Continuation of quantum mechanics with applications in atomic, molecular, solid state, and nuclear physics.

**PH 451 Atomic and Molecular Physics.** 3 hours.

Prerequisite: PH 441.

Detailed study of the structure of simple atomic and molecular systems, perturbation theory, the hydrogen and helium atoms, the hydrogen molecular ion, the hydrogen molecule, and introduction to mathematical methods of molecular physics

**PH 461 Nuclear and Particle Physics.** 3 hours.

Prerequisite: PH 441.

Stable nuclei, isotopes, nuclidic masses, alpha decay, phase space, gamma ray transitions, Yukawa forces, isotopic spin, scattering, resonance behavior, the quark model, heavy flavors, Higgs bosons, and the electroweak theory.

**PH 471 Thermal Physics.** 3 hours.

Prerequisite: MATH 227.

Introduction to thermal phenomena on a macroscopic and a statistical basis, and principles and laws governing them.

**PH 481 Solid State Physics.** 3 hours.

Prerequisite: PH 441.

Phenomenological treatment of mechanical, thermal, electrical, and magnetic properties of matter and fluorescence, phosphorescence, photo-conductivity, and work function; the free-electron model and the band approximation; structures of simple crystals.

**PH 482 Selected Topics in Physics and Astronomy.** 1 to 3 hours.

Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor.

Topics in physics and astronomy not covered by existing courses. Repeat credit is allowed for different topics.

**PH 490 Honors Seminar in Physics.** 1 hour.

Prerequisite: Participation in departmental honors program or permission of the instructor.

A seminar course on current topics in physics and astronomy.

**PH 491 Advanced Laboratory.** 3 hours.

Prerequisite: 15 hours of physics including PH 255.

Two laboratory periods and 1 hour of seminar. Experimental work in modern physics at an advanced level.

**PH 493 Introduction to Research.** Not to exceed 3 hours.

Prerequisites: Permission of supervising faculty member and approval of the department chairperson.

Credit is by arrangement, but no graduate credit will be awarded for PH 493.* *Student performs research under supervision of a faculty member.

**PH 495 Independent Study I.** Not to exceed 3 hours.

Prerequisites: Permission of supervising faculty member and approval of the department chairperson. No graduate credit.

**PH 496 Independent Study II.** Not to exceed 3 hours.

Prerequisites: Permission of supervising faculty member and approval of department chairperson.

No graduate credit.